Every single word you need to know to understand the whole
At this stage of the vocabulary’s development, the collation of terms and expression is open, with no defined model of the framework of what a smart city or smart city system may be. This is a deliberate choice to ensure a diverse collection of terms and expressions.
The vocabulary’s working structure explains:
- Smart city systems;
- Public and private service delivery models;
- Resource management processes;
- Technology and infrastructure;
Applications (output channels);
- Finance and economy;
- Community, education, and skills;
- Lifestyle, health, and wellbeing.
This structure, like the definitions, is open to change and expand in the future but is sufficiently broad to capture the first collation rounds.
Autonomous system /A system capable of functioning on its own, without human intervention or direction
Big data / High volume, high velocity, and or a high variety of information assets that require new forms of processing to enable enhanced decision making, insight discovery, and process optimization
Cloud computing / Scalable IT services accessible via the internet for a potentially large number of external customers, providing facilities for the storing and use of data and information on facilities remote from local computing facilities
Cybersecurity / Mechanisms and processes put in place to ensure the integrity of operation of computer systems, protecting their operations against malicious or unintentional intervention
*NOTE: Examples of malicious or unintentional intervention include eaves-dropping, trojans, viruses and worms, phishing, denial of service, rootkits and keyloggers.
Data center / Dedicated space where ICT infrastructure is hosted and operated on behalf of one or a number of organizations
Encryption / Function of transforming data by the discipline of cryptography so as to make the data undecipherable to anyone other than the legitimate sender and receiver.
*NOTE: As used in a network security context, encryption is usually accomplished by putting the data through any of several established mathematical algorithms developed specifically to this purpose.
Environmental sustainability / State in which components of the ecosystem and their functions are maintained for the present and future generations
Integrated / Combined and compatible operation of different city systems and exchange of data and information with the aim of achieving more effective outcomes with the least resource input
*NOTE: Such city systems include transport, healthcare, social services, education, cultural services, employment services, etc.
Integrity / Property that information is not altered in any way, deliberately or accidentally
Intelligent transportation system / Integrated application of communications, control and information processing technologies to the transportation system
Interoperability / Ability of systems to provide services to and accept services from other systems and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together
Internet of things (IoT) / State where things (e.g. objects, environments, vehicles and cloth-ing) have more and more information associated with them and may have the ability to sense, communicate, network and produce new information, becoming an integral part of the internet
Management information system / Information processing system that supports the decision-making of a community city or organization
Open platform / Software system based on open standards
*NOTE For example, published and documented external application programming interfaces (API) that allow the software system to function beyond the scope of the original programmer’s specification, without requiring modification of the source code. Using these interfaces, third parties can integrate with the platform to add functionality
Open standard / Standards for software interoperability, data and document formats
*NOTE: According to the UK Government, an open standard will exhibit all of the following criteria:
- Collaboration – the standard is maintained through a collaborative decision-making process that is consensus-based and independent of any individual supplier;
- Transparency – the standard has a transparent decision-making process;
- Due process – the standard is adopted by a specification or standardization organization, or a forum or consortium with a feedback and ratification process to ensure quality;
- Market support – other than in the context of creating innovative solutions, the standard is mature, supported by the market and demonstrates platform, application and vendor independence;
- Fair access – the standard is published, thoroughly documented and publicly available at zero or low cost;
- Rights – rights essential to the implementation of the standard, and for interfacing with other implementations which have adopted that same standard, are licensed on a royalty-free basis that is compatible with both open source and proprietary licensed solutions
Monitoring / Act of periodically checking processes, equipment, and environment in order to detect any changes
*NOTE: Checking can include process checks
Open data / Content or data that is free to use, reuse and be redistributed, subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share alike
Physical security / Measures used to provide physical protection of resources against deliberate and accidental threats
Predictive analytics / Statistical and analytical techniques used to develop models that predict future events or behaviors
*NOTE: The form of these predictive models varies, depending on the behavior or event that they are predicting. Most predictive models generate a score (e.g. a credit score), with a higher score indicating a higher likelihood of the given behavior or event occurring.
Smart / The application of autonomous or semi-autonomous technology systems to achieve greater utilization of resources, limiting or reducing per capita consumption to maintain or improve quality of life
Smart city / Effective integration of physical, digital and human systems in the built environment to deliver a sustainable, prosperous and inclusive future for its citizens
Smart city indicator / Measures of the impact and success of smart city initiatives, programs, and projects
Smart city system / System of digital infrastructure and digital services to monitor, maintain and control physical and social resource
*NOTE: These systems are capable of providing a diverse range of functions, including providing a context to encourage and enable economic activity – particularly SMEs.
Smart grid / Electricity network that uses ICT to integrate the actions of all users connected to it – generators, consumers and those that do both – in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies
Smart operations management / Real-time pro-active management of a city’s resources and space
Smart system / Distributed system that incorporates functions of sensing, actuation, and control
Social sustainability / Personal and societal assets, rules and processes that empower individuals and community to participate in the long term and fair achievement of adequate and economically achievable standards of life, based on self-expressed needs an …. aspirations within the physical boundaries of places and the planet as a whole…
System of systems (SoS) / Large system that delivers unique capabilities, formed by integrating independently useful systems
- Component systems must be able to operate independently when not integrated in the SoS (are useful on their own)
- Component systems keep operating independently to some extent while integrated in the SoS.
- A SoS grows and evolves with time and experience
- A SoS is able to perform functions that cannot be found in any component system, and these functions are the main SoS objectives.
- A SoS is distributed over a large geographic extent
Urban realm / Spatial components of the city, consisting of often dispersed, independent zones or realms linked together by the public realm (streetscape, public spaces, parks, etc.) to form the metropolitan framework.
Urbanization / Process by which people become residents of cities
*NOTE: This process again pushes the need for change in the delivery and model of how a city should run